Home Minister Malan introduced the Immigration and Indian Relief Further Provision Bill, which was closely linked to the India-South Africa Roundtable. Children of South African-Indian parents born outside the EU must enter the country within three months of their birth. In addition, South Africans who had been away from the country for three consecutive years lost their residency rights, and Indians who had entered illegally (mainly during the Boer War) tolerated and issued certificates of tolerance. Families of donors are not allowed to join them. The Act also establishes a system for the voluntary repatriation of South African Indians to India. The Indian government is complying. Returnees receive bonuses of £20 per adult and £10 per child, as well as free passages. The bonus doubled in 1931 and was finally abolished in 1955 when it became clear that only elderly people who wanted to retire in India benefited. When the apartheid state was created in the 1950s, many laws were passed; This decade can be described as the era of « petty apartheid », when nationalists passed numerous new racist laws to impose a racially segregated and unequal social order. The Separate Amenities Reservation Act of 1953, for example, imposed segregation in all public institutions, including post offices, beaches, stadiums, parks, toilets and cemeteries, as well as buses and trains.
During the genocide in Rwanda in 1994, members of the Hutu ethnic majority in east-central Rwanda murdered up to 800,000 people, mostly members of the Tutsi minority. Launched by Hutu nationalists in the capital Kigali, the genocide spread around the world. In one of the most devastating aspects of apartheid, the government forcibly evicted black South Africans from rural areas labeled « white » to their home countries and sold their land to white farmers at low prices. From 1961 to 1994, more than 3.5 million people were forcibly evicted from their homes and abandoned in the Bantustans, where they were plunged into poverty and despair. It is prohibited to possess weapons that could cause bodily injury in the event of an attack. The Minister of Justice may prohibit the possession, manufacture or supply of such articles. Start: 3 July 1968 IN FORCE (as amended by the Dangerous Weapons (Amendment) Act No. 156 of 1993): WEAPONS AND AMMUNITION. According to Horrell (1978:473), this law marked the beginning of the fight against « red weapons » as opposed to the purely « red » ideology. It allows indefinite detention without trial under the authority of a police officer of the rank of lieutenant colonel or higher.
The definition of terrorism is very broad and encompasses most criminal acts. No time limit has been set for detention; It may continue until the detainees have answered all questions satisfactorily or until continued detention is of no use. Fourteen-day visits by judges were planned « if circumstances permit ». Other visitors were not allowed. The Act entered into force retroactively to 27 June 1962 and also applied retroactively to South West Africa (Horrell 1978: 445). It differs from the ninety-day and 180-day detention laws in that the public does not have the right to be informed of the identity and number of persons detained under the Terrorism Act (Dugard 1978:118). Start: June 27, 1962. All sections except section 7, repealed by section 33 of the Internal Security and Intimidation (Amendment) Act 138 of 1991. The riots that started in Denver happened because residents of the African Inn in Denver refused to pay the increased rent. This sparked a conflict in which police fired into the hostel, killing three people. Five days later, after three people greeted the ANC as they finished their drinks at a municipal African brewery, they were evicted from the bar. A group gathered in front of the bar and started throwing stones at the room.
Police came and opened fire on the crowd, killing thirteen Africans and wounding seventy-eight. In early 1953, the government imposed harsh penalties for protests against discriminatory laws, including heavy fines and prison sentences of up to five years. He then enacted the Public Safety Act, which allowed for the declaration of a state of emergency to override existing laws and court oversight. Although the Defiance campaign did not achieve its objectives, it demonstrated widespread and growing opposition to apartheid. Moreover, the use of nonviolent civil disobedience was part of an important international tradition, from the passive resistance campaigns launched by Gandhi in South Africa, to the independence movement in India two decades earlier, to sit-ins and other nonviolent protests in the civil rights movement in the United States more than a decade later. The apartheid policies (Afrikaans: « Apartness ») that governed relations between South Africa`s white minority and non-white majority for much of the second half of the 20th century, sanctioning racial segregation and political and economic discrimination against non-whites.