These stockings are designed to remedy an impairment in « muscle pumping performance » caused by incompetent leg venous valves. They are woven in such a way that the level of compression around the ankle is highest and decreases towards the top of the tube. There are three main types of compression stockings or stockings: Compression stockings are custom-made, tight and stretchy socks that gently squeeze your leg. Graduated compression or pressure stockings are tighter around your ankle and become looser as they work up your leg. The compression sleeves are only the pipe part, without the foot. Pharmacological (warfarin, unfractionated heparin, low molecular weight heparin) and mechanical (graduated compression stockings, intermittent pneumatic compression devices and venous foot pumps) measures are used to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in clinical practice. In cases where the risk of bleeding is high and pharmacological measures are contraindicated, the use of mechanical prophylaxis is recommended.  Graduated compression stockings can effectively prevent VTE in hospitalized patients by applying different pressures to the leg. Meta-analysis of general surgery patients found that graduated compression stockings reduced their risk of developing VTE by 68% compared to placebo.
 Compression stockings can prevent your legs from getting tired and hurting. They can also relieve swelling of the feet and ankles, as well as prevent and treat spider veins and varicose veins. They can even prevent you from feeling dizzy or dizzy when you get up. Treatment is usually prescribed by a doctor to relieve all manifestations of chronic venous disease and prevent venous discomfort. Compression stockings are recommended under the following conditions: Higher pressure stockings require a prescription and a qualified installer. These higher pressures range from 20-30 mmHg to 50+ mmHg. If your stockings are too uncomfortable, call your supplier. Find out if there is another type of stocking that works for you.
Don`t stop wearing them without talking to your supplier. The pressure these stockings put on your legs helps your blood vessels function better. The arteries that bring oxygenated blood to your muscles can relax, allowing blood to flow freely. The veins receive a boost that pushes blood to your heart. If you have been prescribed compression stockings for a condition that affects your circulation, you may need to wear them for several years or, in some cases, the rest of your life. Talk to your provider about the type of compression stocking that`s right for you. There are many different compression stockings. They are available in different ways: Wash your stockings by hand at about 40°C (comfortable hand temperature) and dry them away from direct heat. There are two types of compression stockings, gradient and antiembolism.  Subscribe to America`s largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced searches – ad-free! Compression stockings are available in different compression levels.
The unit of measurement for classifying stocking pressure is mmHg. They are often sold in different printing ranges. The over-the-counter stand is available in 10-15 or 15-20 mmHg. Unlike traditional dresses or sports stockings and socks, compression stockings use stronger elastic bands to put significant pressure on the legs, ankles and feet. The compression stockings are tighter at the ankles and gradually become less restrictive on the knees and thighs. By compressing superficial veins, arteries, and muscles, they force blood flowing through narrower channels. As a result, blood pressure rises, which leads to a greater return of blood to the heart and a decrease in blood to the feet. Thromboembolic deterrent tubes (TED) or anti-embolic stockings are available after surgery and when you need to stay in bed.
If you can stand and move, graduated compression stockings are preferable. In the clinical setting, the application of anti-embolic stockings is carried out by doctors, nurses and other trained personnel. First of all, the correct size of the bottom is determined by measuring the legs. An aseptic technique is not necessary unless the skin is open. The person is placed in a supine position in bed for fifteen minutes before measuring the fit. This allows venous reflux and stability before measurement. :745 Put on stockings in the morning before getting out of bed. Your legs have the least swelling early in the morning. Compression stockings at knee height are used not only to increase blood circulation, but also to prevent blood clots from forming in the lower legs. They also help in the treatment of lower leg ulcers.
The aim of this study was to determine the long-term effect of graduated elastic compression on venous elasticity in patients with superficial or deep venous disease and to determine the possible association between elasticity and disease duration. The modulus of elasticity of 29 patients, 19 with superficial venous incompetence and 10 with deep vein incompetence, was assessed by simultaneous measurement of calf volume (determined by strain gauges) and venous pressure (via a dorsal vein) during venous occlusion. Measurements were taken before and after 4 weeks of elastic compression stockings. The modulus of elasticity K was defined as stress/strain when the veins were full and was calculated from the pressure/volume relationship. The results show a clear difference in elasticity before and after elastic stockings. Two groups of patients were identified: group 1 with increased elasticity and group 2 with reduced elasticity. There was a negative linear association (r = 0.88) between increased elasticity after treatment and duration of venous disease. People wear compression stockings for comfort, to improve sports and to prevent serious illness.
In the Middle Ages, leg compression bandages were mainly used for therapy. This is attested by the works of Avicenna (980-1037); Giovanni Michele Savonarola (1384–1468) Ambroise Paré (1510-1590); Girolamo Fabrizio di Acquapendente (1537–1619); and other scientists.  Guy de Chauliac describes in his book Chirurgica Magna the use of compression dressings to treat enlarged veins in the legs.  Giovanni Michele Savonarola also treated varicose veins with leg bandages and described their correct application in his book Praxis. In 1628, William Harvey discovered the link between venous stasis and external pressure. After this discovery, various compression measures were introduced for therapy: lace-up stockings, elastic bands and tight bandages with resin. Later, new textile materials were used for the production of compression stockings: natural or cellulosic fibers (silk, cotton, coconut) and chemicals (acrylic, nylon, polyester).  It was not until the late 19th century, after German phlebologists Fisher and Lasker discovered that the application of external pressure helped treat blood clots in the lower extremities, that compression stockings were used to treat deep vein thrombosis.  They are in most cases worn by those who are able to walk and help the calf muscles perform their pumping action more efficiently to return blood to the heart.